Abstracts

(in order of appearance)

Ruth Leger – Sanctuaries of Artemis the fertility goddess

Artemis in her role as fertility goddess was one amongst many characters of the goddess in Greece. She is known best as the goddess of hunt, but she also was a mistress of animals, a moon goddess and a warrior goddess. However, she is in all her different characters still called Artemis which suggests the goddess is always the same divine personality. The Great Goddess of Ephesus and the goddess for whom young girls danced at Brauron are distinctive, but both are called Artemis. If Artemis had several characters, how can we distinguish a sanctuary of Artemis as being for Artemis in her character as fertility goddess?

 There are myths, historical accounts and the actual sanctuaries with all the archaeological finds that can illustrate the use of a sanctuary. The literary evidence, whether myth or historical account, described which deity was worshipped at the sanctuary and possibly what the sanctuary looked like. If it is possible to combine the literary evidence with the archaeological finds, a reconstruction of different aspects of the cult can be offered.

 Xavier Duffy – Sites of Conflict as Sites of Memory in Fifth Century BC Greece

 This paper will address how the battlefields of the Persian Wars were memorialised in classical Greece. It will be necessary to engage with commemorative monuments, however, I seek to move beyond the art historical approach of assessing meaning by viewing the monument as a component within an ‘inscribed’ landscape. I will argue that collective memory is a process of exchange and an active cultural phenomenon: an individual contributes their memories from which a collective memory is formed and that these individual memories are not valued equally. The nature of memorial communities will be explored. Whether the panhellenic ‘imagined community’ of Greeks exerted any significant pressure on the memories of the Persian Wars held by individual Greek city-states will prove central to this paper. I argue that the plurality of meaning found in commemorative trends is central when attempting to provide insights into attitudes towards warfare and the battlefield. In addition I assert that a collective memory is not temporally constrained and can, in fact, enter into the public realm outside time.

 George Makris – Mount Papikion: a brief commentary on a Byzantine holy mountain

 In Byzantium, mountainous areas were often associated with monastic life. Mount Papikion, located in northern Greece, provides an example of a relatively unknown holy mountain. Both archaeology and written sources demonstrate that from the early eleventh century onwards more and more monastic houses began to appear on Papikion, thus transforming the area from a remote location to an attractive monastic centre even for members of the imperial court. The geographical setting and the excavated monastic complexes will be the focus of this paper in an attempt to unveil the early history of Papikion, from the tenth to thirteenth century. As the study of the monastic architecture and topography is still in its infancy, this paper aims to evaluate the visual evidence and discover what kinds of foundations were to be found on Byzantine holy mountains. Consequently, this analysis yields a new understanding of the image and development of Byzantine monasticism in a region that remains unmarred by modern-day construction and its influence.

Nicola Mureddu – A barrier to be broken: change and continuity in the transition between the Bronze and Iron Age Aegean. Section 1: Weaponry.

 The Greek Dark Age: this unclear proto-historic phase of Greek history, although socially different if compared to the Mycenaean period, does not present very perceivable signs of material change in terms of pottery or grave types, nor in the variety of contents witnessed by burial offerings. What appears more visible is a gradual arrival of new weapons and accessories not fitting in the past Mycenaean weapon sets. Both these classes of objects appear to be intrusive and linked with an ancient trade route that moved through the Balkans towards central and northern Europe. In a social system such as the Mycenaean one, ended in a context signed by violent destructions, weapons are the primary element in need of a thorough examination. This project wants thus to illustrate a quick overview of the main offensive weapon types (Swords, Spears and Daggers) available in the Mycenaean Age and a deeper analysis of their Dark Age counterparts, trying to isolate foreign intrusions and understand reasons, influences and proveniences of the most striking specimens.

 Meagan Mangum – Eastern Greek Pottery in the Archaic Colony of Oisyme

 New archaeological research in Northern Greece is vital to the understanding of settlements, culture and communication in the Aegean during the Geometric and Archaic periods. My study creates the first catalogue and analysis of the Archaic Eastern Greek and Thasian-Parian pottery from the acropolis and southern cemetery of the site of Oisyme. Oisyme is a Thasian-Parian sub-colony founded on the Thracian mainland opposite the island of Thasos, c. 650 BC, known to Homer as a Thracian settlement closely tied to Troy (Il. 8.253). My examination of East Greek pottery imported into Oisyme during its initial phases of Greek settlement is providing crucial data on social aspects of temple and funerary practices and indicates multi-polis recruitment as well as Eastern Greek interest in the region (Herodotus 5.20-25, 5.124-6). This pottery from the early life of the colony and its relationship to local wares is a key to unlocking Greco-Thracian relations and will provide a rich resource for the continuing research into colonization practices within the area.

Ali Miynat – Early encounters with the Byzantines and the Byzantines influence on the Turcomans in the light of the Danishmandid coins (11th – 12th centuries)

 The Danishmandids was one of the Turkish principalities founded in Anatolia right after the Battle of Manzikerd (1071) and lasted until 1178. The Danishmandid dynasty, in 30 years, established their authority and reign in the Central Anatolia (northern Cappadocia). It was founded on the area where was mainly settled by Greeks and particularly Armenian emigrants deported by the Byzantine Empire. Thus a new social structure, in which Danishmandid Turks, Armenians and Greeks were living together, arose in the late 11th century.

 The Turcomans have been significantly influenced by the Byzantines and Anatolian natives’ traditions in the administrative, fiscal, military, architectural, artisan and artistic. The social, cultural, politic and economic influence can be understood and explained by using the coins, being impartial witnesses of the past. For instance, both “Greek” and the bilingual (Greek and Arabic) coin types struck by the Danishmandid rulers are unique examples showing the Byzantine influence on the Principality of the Danishmandids. Furthermore, interestingly, the Danishmandid Turks have used the Christian images inspired by the Byzantines or the others.

 The subject of this paper is a very intriguing chapter in the history of Islamic numismatics, namely the Danishmandid coinage of late medieval Anatolia showing the cultural diversity and interaction between Byzantium and the Turcomans.

Polly Toney – How do you solve a problem Like Ovid?: Contemporary Women’s Writing of Classical Reception as Feminist Education

 In the fifteen books of Ovid’s Metamorphoses there are more than fifty episodes of sexual violence, nineteen of which are described at some length. They are violent, distressing and graphic and yet too often these stories have been veiled behind euphemism and disturbing ideas of ‘seduction’. This Ovidian dilemma is one that has plagued feminist classicists for decades and is epitomised by Amy Richlin’s now famous invocation: ‘…why should we read Ovid? How badly do we need this history?’

And yet the buck cannot stop with the ancient poet. For as long as these tales continue to be read from behind a lens of victim-blaming and rape apologism, their ability to reaffirm the narratives of a rape culture will endure.

Could women’s writing of classical reception provide the antidote to Ovid as a conduit for misogyny and instead, rework Ovid for the feminist cause?

Using the encounter between Peleus and Thetis in the Metamorphoses (11.221-265), I will demonstrate how women’s revisionism can perform a type of feminist activism. With reference to the works of Carol Ann Duffy, Jo Shapcott and Elizabeth Cook, I will show how women’s writing can endow readers with the skills needed to examine and deconstruct rape myths; skills that can be carried beyond the Metamorphoses and into the real world.

Abigail Taylor – Art and Identity: A comparison of the material culture of western Britain and eastern England in the fourth – sixth centuries AD

As a time of transition from Roman Britain to Anglo-Saxon England, fourth-sixth century Britain is a contentious period amongst archaeologists. Traditionally, a cultural divide between eastern England and western Britain has been assumed.

Although many archaeologists now accept a continuity of population into post-Roman Britain there are conflicting theories regarding the continuation of Romano-British culture.

Material culture and its decoration is one way to study the effect this transition on had on the culture to which people saw themselves belonging. The art historian Jules Prown studied artefacts, using features such as decoration and material to determine the values and attitudes of past cultures and reveal something about the society which created them. Studies of small finds have helped to define regional and chronological development of artistic styles. Such research has largely been made possible by the Portable Antiquities Scheme.

This paper outlines current research into the artistic styles of this period and how they differed from eastern England to western Britain. In particular in the area that became Mercia – ‘the boundary folk’ – traditionally interpreted as the frontier between natives and Saxon invaders. It aims to seek to understand what decoration and portable art can reveal about the social/cultural identity of people living in Britain at this time, particularly the native Britons.

 Annika Asp-Talwar – A Byzantine man in Trebizond – The Periegesis by Andrew Libadenos

The opportunity to present at the IAA Colloquium provides a suitable occasion to give attention to an intriguing yet understudied author in front of a community of postgraduate students representing a wide distribution of research fields, in addition to Byzantine studies. Andrew Libadenos lived and wrote in the early to mid- fourteenth century in what can be called ‘the Byzantine world’: originally an ambassador from Constantinople, he travelled on the Mediterranean, visited the Middle East and Egypt and finally relocated to Trebizond. Out of the numerous writings that have been credited to him, my presentation will focus on his most important work, an account commonly known as the Periegesis, the reading and translation of which has been a key element in my doctoral research. This account fails classification: written in the format of a long speech, the author himself categorises it as a history. The reader will find in it features of hagiography, travel account and biography – all spiced up with erudite references to classical and biblical quotations showcasing Libadenos’ education. I wish to bring this text forward not only as a useful source into late Byzantine history, but as a reading experience for a student familiar with Classical Greek texts.

Elena Perez Alvaro – Underwater cultural heritage under the concept benefit of mankind

The Common Heritage of Mankind is an international principle which establishes equal property interests to all people (E.S.Tenenbaum (1990). A World Park in Antartica: The Common Heritage of Mankind, 10 VA. ENVTL. L.J. 109, 112). The term has traditionally been applied to the exploration of the Antarctic and the exploration of the outer space, including the moon. In more recent years, nevertheless, the United National tends to apply the Common Heritage concept to environmentally vulnerable sites (E.S.Tenenbaum (1990). A World Park in Antartica: The Common Heritage of Mankind, 10 VA. ENVTL. L.J. 109, 112).

Thinking on the treatment of the underwater cultural heritage as Common Heritage of Mankindseems to go far beyond the reality. However, is not only the concept but also its consequences our main example. The management of Antarctic under the common heritage principle establishes parks dedicated to environmental protection and ecosystem preservation where no exploitation is permitted. The example of those developments, could lead to political possibilities for the use of the underwater cultural heritage.

Li, Chao-Shiang – The Value of Industrial Heritage The Practice and Discourse in Taiwan’s Industrial Heritage

With the trend of heritagisation, there are increasing industrial heritage sites, and these sites are endowed the economic function of regeneration in both an urban and rural context besides social and educational aspects. Industrial heritage is also seen as tourism attraction or interpreted in aesthetics perspective. However, based on its modernity, industrial heritage is forced to reflect rapidly and get rewards efficiently within its on-going process nowadays. And this is a challenge in developing country especially.

 Taiwan’s industrialization life cycle is an extremely short period without the group memory as indelible as the West. Industrial heritage is seen as being made and malleable in modern society. Whereas, Taiwan’s industrial heritage is as a vital part of cultural industries within the economic programme. Due to the dissonance among the public, society and economy in this field, the approaches of creating and evaluating industrial heritage values are obscure to define.

 Therefore, the study explores concepts of industrial heritage with modernity and investigates Taiwan’s industrial heritage’s status as well as its role in economic sphere. The thesis examines the discourses and values of industrial heritage between developed and developing countries through the practices of public engagement.

Mohd Hafizuddin Mohd Yusof – Tracking and Identifying Users via Proximity Sensing on Multi-touch Tabletop Display in Museums and Gallery Spaces

 Modern interactive displays are not content-contextual in the location in which they are placed. Furthermore, these devices do not have the capability of intelligently detecting user presence within the range of interaction distances. One of the ways in which contextual contents can be formed prior to and during user interaction is by making displays aware of the presence of users, even before they touch the screen. This research describes the integration of simple algorithms and minimal number of strategically placed sensors with horizontal multitouch displays that facilitate user experience with contents within the paradigm of group interactions around table computers. By using a heuristic approach of identifying individual users in their rightful position through touch gestures and adaptive distance sensing, the research demonstrates the robustness of applying such methods to a wide variety of locations where interactive displays are installed such as museums and gallery spaces. Sensing the presence and movement of users around a tabletop display is very important as it allows us to use the users’ locations information along any sides of the table to perform assistance for users to use the table display more efficiently by providing enhanced interaction to the users.

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